Blank Maps of Somalia
Somalia is a nation in the Horn of Africa. The nation is surrounded by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Sea to the east, as well as Kenya to the southwest. Somalia has the lengthiest coastline on Africa’s landmass. Its surface is composed primarily of plateaus, plains, as well as highlands. Warm problems prevail year-round, with routine monsoon winds and uneven rainfall.
Somalia has an approximated population of around 15 million, of which over 2 million stay in the capital and biggest city Mogadishu, as well as has actually been called Africa’s many culturally homogeneous country. Around 85% of its locals are ethnic Somalis, who have actually historically populated the nation’s north. Ethnic minorities are greatly concentrated in the south. The official languages of Somalia are Somali as well as Arabic. Lots of people in the country are Muslims, the majority of them Sunni.
In antiquity, Somalia was a vital mall. It is amongst one of the most probable locations of the legendary ancient Land of Punt. During the Center Ages, several effective Somali empires dominated the local profession, consisting of the Ajuran Sultanate, the Adal Sultanate, and the Sultanate of the Geledi.
In the late 19th century, Somali Sultanates like the Isaaq Sultanate and also the Majeerteen Sultanate were conquered by Italy, Britain and also Ethiopia. European homesteaders merged the tribal regions into 2 nests, which were Italian Somaliland and also the British Somaliland Protectorate. At the same time, in the inside, the Dervishes lead by Mohammed Abdullah Hassan took part in a two-decade conflict versus Abyssinia, Italian Somaliland, as well as British Somaliland and were ultimately defeated in the 1920 Somaliland Campaign.
Italy obtained complete control of the northeastern, central, and also southern parts of the area after effectively incoming the Campaign of the Sultanates against the judgment Majeerteen Sultanate and also Sultanate of Hobyo. In 1960, both regions joined to develop the independent Somali Republic under a private federal government.
More information about this country can be found here.