Blank Maps of New Zealand
New Zealand is an island nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It includes 2 major landmasses– the North Island and the South Island– and also over 700 smaller sized islands. It is the sixth-largest island country, covering a complete area of 268,021 square kilometres (103,500 sq mi).
New Zealand has to do with 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) eastern of Australia across the Tasman Sea and also 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the islands of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. The nation’s diverse topography and also sharp hill peaks, including the Southern Alps, owe much to structural uplift and also volcanic eruptions. New Zealand’s capital city is Wellington, as well as its most populated city is Auckland.
Owing to their seclusion, the islands of New Zealand were the last big habitable landmass to be resolved by humans. Between about 1280 and also 1350, Polynesians started to resolve in the islands and after that developed a distinct Māori culture. In 1642, the Dutch traveler Abel Tasman ended up being the very first European to view as well as record New Zealand.
In 1840, reps of the UK and also Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi; the English and also Māori language versions of the treaty varied, most notably on the grounds of Māori yielding sovereignty (English version) versus ceding governance (Māori variation) to the British Crown, bring about the New Zealand Wars between 1845 as well as 1872.
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Realm, and also in 1907 it became a dominion; it got full legal freedom in 1947, and the British queen has actually continued to be the president. Today, most of New Zealand’s population of 5.1 million is of European descent; the native Māori are the largest minority, followed by Asians and also Pacific Islanders.
Mirroring this, New Zealand’s society is generally derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening of society arising from raised immigration. The official languages are English, Māori, and also New Zealand Sign Language, with the local language of English being dominant.
An industrialized country, New Zealand places very in global comparisons of nationwide efficiency, such as quality of life, education, defense of constitutional freedoms, government transparency, and also economic liberty. New Zealand undertook major financial modifications throughout the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy.
The service sector dominates the national economic climate, followed by the industrial industry, as well as agriculture. International tourist is also a considerable source of earnings. Nationally, legislative authority is vested in a chosen, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is worked out by the Cupboard, led by the prime minister, presently Jacinda Ardern.
Queen Elizabeth II is the nation’s majesty and also is stood for by the governor-general. Additionally, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for city government purposes. The World of New Zealand likewise consists of Tokelau (a dependent region); the Chef Islands and Niue (self-governing states in free association with New Zealand); and the Ross Dependence, which is New Zealand’s territorial insurance claim in Antarctica.
New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, OECD, ASEAN Plus 6, Asia-Pacific Economic Participation, the Pacific Neighborhood and the Pacific Islands Forum.
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More information about this country can be found here.