Blank Maps of Jordan
Jordan is officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, a nation in Western Asia. It is positioned at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and also Europe, within the Levant region, on the East Financial Institution of the Jordan River. Jordan is surrounded by Saudi Arabia to the south and also east, Iraq to the northeast, Syria to the north, and Israel, the Palestinian West Bank, as well as the Dead Sea to the west. In the southwest, it has a 26 kilometres (16 mi) coast on the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea. The Gulf of Aqaba separates Jordan from Egypt. Amman is Jordan’s resources and also biggest city, as well as its economic, political, as well as social centre.
Modern-day Jordan has actually been inhabited by human beings since the Paleolithic period. 3 steady kingdoms emerged there at the end of the Bronze Age: Ammon, Moab and Edom. Later rulers include the Assyrian Empire, Babylonian Realm, Nabataean Kingdom, the Persian Empire, the Roman Realm, the Rashidun, Umayyad, and Abbasid Caliphates, as well as the Footrest Realm.
After the Arab Rebellion against the Ottomans in 1916 throughout World war, the Footrest Empire was segmented by Britain and France. The Emirate of Transjordan was developed in 1921 by the Hashemite, then Emir, Abdullah I, as well as the emirate came to be a British protectorate. In 1946, Jordan ended up being an independent state formally called the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan, yet it was renamed in 1949 to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan after the country recorded the West Bank during the 1948 Arab– Israeli War and linked it till it was lost to Israel in 1967.
Jordan renounced its claim to the region in 1988, as well as ended up being the second Arab state to authorize a peace treaty with Israel in 1994. Jordan is a founding participant of the Arab League as well as the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation. The sovereign state is a constitutional monarchy, yet the king holds vast exec and also legal powers.
Jordan is a semi-arid country, covering a location of 89,342 km2 (34,495 sq mi), with a populace of 10 million, making it the eleventh-most populous Arab country. The dominant bulk, or around 95% of the nation’s population, is Sunni Muslim, with a mostly Arab Christian minority. Jordan has actually been consistently referred to as an “sanctuary of security” in the turbulent region of the Middle East.
It has actually been primarily unharmed by the violence that brushed up the region complying with the Arab Spring in 2010. From as very early as 1948, Jordan has approved refugees from several adjoining nations in conflict. An estimated 2.1 million Palestinian and also 1.4 million Syrian refugees are present in Jordan as of a 2015 demographics.
The kingdom is additionally a refuge to countless Christian Iraqis getting away persecution by the Islamic State. While Jordan continues to accept refugees, the recent large increase from Syria put considerable pressure on national sources as well as facilities.
Jordan has a high Person Development Index, ranking 102nd, and also is considered an upper center revenue economic situation. The Jordanian economic climate, one of the smallest economic situations in the region, is appealing to international financiers based upon a competent workforce.
The country is a significant vacationer location, likewise attracting clinical tourism because of its well established health sector. Nonetheless, an absence of natural deposits, huge circulation of evacuees as well as local chaos have actually hindered financial growth.
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