Maps By Continent
Maps of Africa
Africa is the globe’s second-largest as well as second-most populated continent, after Asia in both instances. At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including nearby islands, it covers 6% of Earth’s total area as well as 20% of its acreage. With 1.3 billion individuals as of 2018, it accounts for about 16% of the globe’s human population. Africa’s population is the youngest amongst all the continents; the typical age in 2012 was 19.7, when throughout the world median age was 30.4.
Despite having a wide range of natural resources, Africa is the least well-off continent per capita, partially because of geographic obstacles, legacies of European emigration in Africa and also the Cold War, predatory/neo-colonialistic activities by Western countries as well as China, and also undemocratic regulation as well as negative policies. Despite this low concentration of riches, recent economic expansion and also the large as well as young population make Africa a crucial economic market in the more comprehensive worldwide context.
The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and also the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Sea to the southeast as well as the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and also numerous archipelagos. It includes 54 fully identified sovereign states (nations), 8 areas and also 2 de facto independent states with limited or no acknowledgment. Algeria is Africa’s biggest nation by location, and Nigeria is its largest by populace. African nations work together via the establishment of the African Union, which is headquartered in Addis Ababa.
Africa straddles the equator and the prime meridian making it the only continent on the planet to be located in all four cardinal hemispheres. It is the only continent to extend from the north temperate to southerly warm zones. Most of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial part as well as number of nations in the Southern Hemisphere.
A lot of the continent depends on the tropics, besides a big part of Western Sahara, Algeria, Libya as well as Egypt, the north pointer of Mauritania, the entire areas of Morocco, Ceuta, Melilla, and Tunisia which consequently are located above the tropic of Cancer, in the northern temperate zone. In the other extreme of the continent, southerly Namibia, southerly Botswana, great parts of South Africa, the whole territories of Lesotho as well as Eswatini and the southern pointers of Mozambique and Madagascar are located listed below the tropic of Capricorn, in the southern pleasant area.
Africa is home to much biodiversity; it is the continent with the largest variety of megafauna types, as it was least affected by the termination of the Pleistocene megafauna. However, Africa additionally is heavily affected by a variety of ecological concerns, consisting of desertification, logging, water shortage, as well as other problems. These established ecological concerns are expected to worsen as climate change influences Africa. The UN Intergovernmental Panel on Environment Modification has actually identified Africa as the continent most at risk to environment change.
Maps of Asia
Asia is Planet Earth’s largest and most populated continent, situated largely in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe, as well as the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with Africa as well as Europe. Asia covers an area of 44,579,000 square kilometres (17,212,000 sq mi), regarding 30% of Earth’s complete land area and 8.7% of the Planet’s complete surface.
The continent, which has actually long been home to the majority of the human population, was the site of many of the very first people. Its 4.7 billion individuals constitutes approximately 60% of the globe’s populace.
In general terms, Asia is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean, and also on the north by the Arctic Ocean. The boundary of Asia with Europe is a historical and also social construct, as there is no clear physical and also geographical splitting up between them. It is somewhat approximate and also has actually moved because its initial perception in timeless antiquity.
The department of Eurasia right into 2 continents mirrors East– West cultural, linguistic, and also ethnic distinctions, several of which vary on a range rather than with a sharp separating line. A frequently accepted department areas Asia to the eastern of the Suez Canal dividing it from Africa; as well as to the east of the Turkish Straits, the Ural Mountains and Ural River, and also to the south of the Caucasus Hills and the Caspian and Black Seas, separating it from Europe.
Given its size as well as diversity, the principle of Asia– a name going back to classic antiquity– might in fact have more to do with human geography than physical location. Asia differs substantially across and within its regions when it come to ethnic groups, cultures, environments, business economics, historical connections as well as government systems. It also has a mix of many different environments varying from the equatorial south through the warm desert in the center East, warm areas in the eastern and the continental centre to substantial subarctic and also polar locations in Siberia.
Maps of Europe
Europe is a continent, likewise acknowledged as part of Eurasia, situated completely in the Northern Hemisphere and primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere. Consisting of the western peninsulas of the continental landmass of Eurasia, it shares the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Asia and Africa. It is surrounded by the Arctic Sea to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the south and Asia to the east.
Europe is frequently thought about to be divided from Asia by the landmark of the Ural Hills, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, the Greater Caucasus, the Black Sea and the rivers of the Turkish Straits. Although much of this border mores than land, Europe is usually acknowledged as its own continent due to its wonderful physical size as well as the weight of its history and traditions.
Europe covers concerning 10.18 million km2 (3.93 million sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of acreage), making it the second-smallest continent (using the seven-continent version). Politically, Europe is split right into concerning fifty sovereign states, of which Russia is the biggest and most populated, spanning 39% of the continent and consisting of 15% of its populace. Europe had an overall population of about 746 million (about 10% of the world populace) in 2018.
The European climate is mostly influenced by warm Atlantic currents that toughen up wintertimes and summers on much of the continent, also at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is serious. Further from the sea, seasonal distinctions are more visible than near the coast.
European society is the root of Western civilisation, which traces its family tree back to ancient Greece and also old Rome. The loss of the Western Roman Realm in 476 AD as well as the succeeding Movement Duration noted completion of Europe’s ancient history, and the start of the Middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, expedition, art and also science led to the contemporary period.
Because the Age of Discovery, started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant duty in international affairs. Between the 16th and also 20th centuries, European powers colonized at various times the Americas, nearly all of Africa and also Oceania, and also most of Asia.
Maps of North America
North America is a continent in the Northern Hemisphere and also almost completely within the Western Hemisphere. It can likewise be described as the north subcontinent of a single continent called America. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Sea, to the east by the Atlantic Sea, to the southeast by South America as well as the Caribbean Sea, and to the west and also southern by the Pacific Ocean. Because it gets on the North American Tectonic Plate, Greenland is included as a part of North America geographically.
North America covers a location of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles), regarding 16.5% of Planet’s acreage as well as about 4.8% of its overall surface area. The United States and Canada is the third-largest continent by location, following Asia and Africa, and also the 4th by population after Asia, Africa, and Europe. In 2013, its population was estimated at virtually 579 million individuals in 23 independent states, or around 7.5% of the globe’s populace. In human geography and also in the English-speaking world outside the USA, particularly in Canada, “North America” and “North American” can describe just Canada and also the USA together.
North America was reached by its initial human populaces during the Last Glacial Period, via going across the Bering land bridge roughly 40,000 to 17,000 years earlier. The supposed Paleo-Indian duration is required to have lasted till regarding 10,000 years ago (the start of the Archaic or Meso-Indian period). The classic stage spans about the 6th to 13th centuries.
The initial recorded Europeans to see North America (besides Greenland) were the Norse around 1000 AD. Christopher Columbus’s arrival in 1492 stimulated a transatlantic exchange that included migrations of European settlers throughout the Age of Discovery and also the early contemporary period. Present-day cultural and also ethnic patterns show communications in between European colonists, aboriginal individuals, African slaves, immigrants from Europe, Asia, as well as the descendants of these groups.
Owing to Europe’s emigration of the Americas, most North Americans speak European languages such as English, Spanish or French, and their societies generally reflect Western customs. Nonetheless, partly of Canada, the USA, Mexico, as well as Central America, there are native populations proceeding their cultural practices and also speaking their own languages.
Maps of South America
South America is a continent totally in the Western Hemisphere and also mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the North Hemisphere. It can also be called the southern subregion of a solitary continent called America.
South America is verged on the west by the Pacific Sea as well as on the north and also east by the Atlantic Sea; The United States And Canada as well as the Caribbean Sea exist to the northwest. The continent normally consists of twelve sovereign states: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and also Venezuela; two dependent areas: the Falkland Islands and also South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; and one interior region: French Guiana.
In addition, the ABC islands of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Rising Island (reliance of Saint Helena, Ascension as well as Tristan da Cunha, a British Abroad Area), Bouvet Island (reliance of Norway), Panama, and Trinidad and Tobago might additionally be thought about parts of South America.
South America has a location of 17,840,000 square kilometers (6,890,000 sq mi). Its populace since 2018 has been estimated at greater than 423 million. South America ranks 4th in area (after Asia, Africa, and also North America) as well as 5th in populace (after Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America). Brazil is without a doubt the most populated South American country, with over half of the continent’s populace, adhered to by Colombia, Argentina, Venezuela and Peru. In current decades, Brazil has also created fifty percent of the continent’s GDP and has become the continent’s very first regional power.
Most of the population lives near the continent’s western or eastern coastlines while the inside and also the much south are sparsely occupied. The location of western South America is controlled by the Andes hills; in contrast, the eastern component has both highland areas and huge lowlands where rivers such as the Amazon, Orinoco and Paraná circulation. The majority of the continent depends on the tropics, besides a large part of the Southern Cone situated in the center latitudes.
The continent’s social as well as ethnic expectation has its beginning with the interaction of aboriginal peoples with European conquerors and immigrants as well as, extra in your area, with African slaves. Given a long history of colonialism, the overwhelming majority of South Americans talk Spanish or Portuguese, and cultures and also states are abundant in Western practices. Relative to Europe, Asia as well as Africa, 20th-century South America has actually been a tranquil continent with relatively few wars that have been waged.
Maps of Australia
The continent of Australia is located in the Southern Hemisphere. The continent is often specified as mainland Australia as well as Tasmania along with smaller surrounding islands. At various other times the continent is defined as including the island of New Guinea (which lies on the exact same continental shelf) and its surrounding smaller islands together with Australia.
Maps of Antarctica
Antarctica is Planet Earth’s most southern continent. Located practically completely south of the Antarctic Circle as well as bordered by the Southern Sea, it has the geographic South Post. Antarctica is the fifth-largest continent, being almost twice the size of Australia, and also has an area of 14,200,000 km2 (5,500,000 sq mi). Most of Antarctica is covered by ice, with a typical density of 1.9 km (1.2 mi).
Antarctica gets on standard the chilliest, driest, and also windiest of the continents, and has the highest possible typical altitude. It is primarily a polar desert, with annual precipitation of over 200 mm (8 in) along the shore and also much less inland. About 70% of the world’s freshwater books are frozen there, which if melted would certainly increase international sea levels by nearly 60 metres (200 feet). Antarctica holds the record for the most affordable gauged temperature in the world, − 89.2 ° C (− 128.6 ° F). The seaside regions can reach temperature levels over 10 ° C (50 ° F) in summer season. Native species of animals include mites, nematodes, penguins, seals and also tardigrades. Greenery consists of tundra.
The ice shelves of Antarctica were possibly first seen in 1820, during the Russian exploration led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev. The years that adhered to saw further exploration by French, American and also British expeditions. The first verified landing was by a Norwegian team in 1895. In the early 20th century, different expeditions into the inside were ventured. British traveler Ernest Shackleton was the very first to get to the magnetic South Post in 1907, and also the geographical south pole was first gotten to in 1911 by Norwegian travelers.
Throughout the summer season, 5,000 individuals live at study stations, a number that goes down to around 1,000 in the winter months. Antarctica is regulated by about 30 countries, every one of which are party to the 1959 Antarctic Treaty System. According to the specifics of the treaty, military activity, mining, nuclear explosions as well as nuclear waste disposal are all banned.